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Worn cartilage on the joints of the knee, shoulder, hip, hand, and finger is a common ailment in old age. But osteoarthritis can also affect young people. After all, osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease worldwide.
The cause of joint wear is often excessive stress (e.g. due to increased body weight), but congenital or traumatic causes such as misalignment of the joints can also be the reasons. Osteoarthritis can also arise as a result of another disease, for example joint inflammation, or it can be accompanied by the formation of effusion caused by overuse.
In principle, all joints can be affected by arthritic changes. In Germany, the disease is most often localised in the knee joint. The hip joint, shoulder joint, finger joints and also the vertebral joints are very often affected.
In the diagnosis as well as in addition to physical examinations, we use X-rays. For special circumstances, we also use an MRI or laboratory tests.
The therapy of osteoarthritis is focused very much according to the individual clinical picture. When possible, based on our expert advice, we to try to avoid or delay surgical interventions.
The range of therapies consists of:
- Exercise therapy and appropriate sporting activities
- Change of diet
- Hyaluronic acid therapy
- PRP (platelet rich plasma)
- Anti-inflammatory drugs
- Insoles / shoe adjustments
In speziellen Fällen kann auch eine Radiosynoviorthese oder Röntgenreizbestrahlung zum Einsatz kommen.